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HealthInfo Canterbury

Walking frames

Walking frames come in different shapes and sizes and meet a range of needs. It is important to know what you are looking for before you buy one.

Choosing walking framePeople are often reluctant to consider using a walking frame. They may wait until a health professional tells them to use one, or they feel so unsafe walking that they have no choice. But a frame can be just another tool to help you enjoy life.

The right walking frame can open up your world, as well as keeping you safe. It can help you walk further, for longer, and keep doing the things you love.

Some people choose to use a frame to allow them to get out beyond their garden gate, and others find they need one just to get around the house.

If you cannot walk safely within your own home you may be able to get a walking frame through the Ministry of Health (via Enable). Ask your GP to refer you to a physiotherapist who can give you advice about your mobility and assess you for this.

If you are buying a frame yourself it can be expensive, so it's important you get the right one. You may like to print off this guide and take it shopping with you!

Things to consider when choosing a walking frame

What do you need it for?

Think about why you need a walking frame and where you are likely to use it. If it will be indoors and you have a small house you will need a small frame that turns easily. If you are using it to go for long walks outside on rough ground, you will need a sturdy frame with large wheels and, possibly, a seat.

How many wheels?

Most frames are four-wheeled and this is a safe, stable option. A three-wheeled frame might be recommended for very small houses but they are less stable and may not be safe if you have trouble with your balance. It is possible to get some very small, stable four-wheeled options for small environments.

Does it need brakes?

If you will only use your frame indoors or out on very flat surfaces you may not need brakes. Brakes are useful if you will ever go up or down a slope or steps, or if you sometimes walk too quickly and need to slow down (for example if you have Parkinson disease). If you have a walking frame with brakes, make sure you can easily put the brakes on and take them off again.

Do I need a seat?

A seat can be very useful if you get tired or breathless when out walking. It can allow you to go further, more confidently, as you are able to stop and rest. On the negative side, a seat means a bigger, bulkier frame that is further away from you and can cause you to lean forward a little.

Remember that the seats on walking frames are not designed to be sat in for a long period. Don't sit on your frame and have somebody push you! If you often need someone to push you, consider buying or hiring a wheelchair.

Wheels or no wheels?

Most walking frames have wheels, but some have four stoppers instead. These are fantastic for people who walk slowly and have poor balance or difficulty taking weight on their legs. They are very safe as they can't run away, but they limit walking speed, as you need to lift them forward at each step.

Will I need a folding frame?

Most walking frames are able to be folded but can fold in different ways. If you will need to take your frame out in a car or taxi you should check that it folds neatly and is not too heavy to lift into a car boot.

Do I need a basket and tray?

Baskets or bags can be incredibly useful if you are going out to the shops, but do add extra weight and bulk to your frame. Look for a basket or bag that you can easily take off when you don't need it. If you use a frame indoors, then a basket and tray combination is fantastic for keeping things close by, like your phone, tissues, your book, knitting or anything else you need! They can become a portable coffee table, but be careful not to overload them.

Extra options

Most mobility shops hold the basic models. If you don't think a basic model will meet your needs you can get all sorts of accessories, such as armrests, single arm steering options, holders for oxygen bottles or comfortable handles for arthritic hands. Have a good talk to the supplier about all your needs or have a thorough assessment with a physiotherapist if you need anything extra.

Measuring up a frame

It is important your frame is the right height for you. If it is too low you will start leaning forward, and if it is too high it won't provide the proper support. When you push your frame your elbows should be slightly bent and your shoulders should not be hunched up.

If you're not sure if your frame is at the right height, ask a physiotherapist to check it for you.

  HealthInfo recommends the following pages

On the next page: Using a walking frame

Written by Jessie Snowdon (physiotherapist), On the Go Physio, Christchurch. Copyright 2011. Adapted by HealthInfo clinical advisers. Last reviewed July 2019.

Page reference: 171823

Review key: HIDAH-120231