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Medicines used in kidney disease

People with kidney disease often need to take several medicines. These are the commonly prescribed drugs. Your doctor will prescribe the medicines that will work best for you – let them know if you have any questions.

Click on each drug to read more information about it.

Ace inhibitors

Ace inhibitors are used to treat high blood pressure. They help your blood vessels relax and also reduce the amount of water your body retains. This helps to lower your blood pressure.

Captopril

Cilazapril

Cilazapril and hydrochlorothiazide

Enalapril

Lisinopril

Perindopril

Quinapril

 

 

Angiotensin 2 receptor blockers (ARBs)

These medicines are used to treat high blood pressure. They help your blood vessels relax and also reduce the amount of water your body retains. This helps to lower your blood pressure.

Candesartan

Losartan

 

Beta blockers

Beta blockers slow down your heart rate, and also help your blood vessels to relax and widen. They can help to lower your blood pressure and control your heart rate.

Atenolol

Bisoprolol

Carvedilol

Celiprolol

Labetalol

Metoprolol

Nadolol

Pindolol

Propranolol

Calcium channel blockers

These medicines block calcium's effects on your blood vessels. This helps the walls of the blood vessels to relax, which makes it easier for the blood to pass through.

Amlodipine

Diltiazem

Felodipine

Nifedipine

Verapamil

 

Water tablets (diuretics)

Diuretics increase the amount of water and salt you pass in your urine. You may have them to help control high blood pressure, which they do by decreasing the amount of water in your blood. You may also have them to prevent fluid overload, which causes symptoms such as swollen ankles or shortness of breath.

Amiloride

Amiloride and hydrochlorothiazide (Moduretic)

Bendroflumethiazide

Bumetanide

Chlortalidone

Cilazapril and hydrochlorothiazide
(Inhibace)

Furosemide and amiloride

Furosemide

Indapamide

Metolazone

Spironolactone

 

Vasodilators

These medicines help to widen your blood vessels so the blood can flow more easily. This helps to lower your blood pressure.

Clonidine

Doxazosin

Isosorbide mononitrate

Prazosin

Terazosin

 

Immunosuppressants

Immunosuppressants help to stop your body rejecting a transplanted kidney. They are also used to treat some kidney diseases even without a transplant.

Antithymocyte globulin

Azathioprine

Ciclosporin

Cyclophosphamide

Mycophenolate

Rituximab

Sirolimus

Tacrolimus

Steroids

These help to relieve inflammation and treat some immune disorders.

Dexamethasone

Methylprednisolone

Hydrocortisone

Heart

These drugs are used to control conditions such as an irregular heart beat, and some also help to prevent chest pain (angina).

Amiodarone

Digoxin

Perhexiline

Cholesterol-lowering

These help to lower the level of cholesterol in your blood, including LDL (low-density lipoprotein, also called bad cholesterol).

Atorvastatin

Bezafibrate

Ezetimibe

Rosuvastatin

Simvastatin

 

Blood-thinning

Blood-thinning medicines help to prevent blood clots, or stop existing blood clots from getting bigger. They are sometimes called anti-platelets.

Aspirin

Clopidogrel

Warfarin

Written by HealthInfo clinical advisers. Endorsed by clinical director, Nephrology Department, Canterbury DHB. Page created August 2016.

Page reference: 250689

Review key: HICKD-117713