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HealthInfo Canterbury

Overview of temporomandibular disorder (TMD)

Temporomandibular disorder or TMD is a group of conditions that affect the jaw joint or temporomandibular joint, chewing muscles of the face, and the other structures in this area. It causes pain, difficulty opening your mouth, and noises from the jaw such a clicking or clunking. Some people also experience ear symptoms such as fullness, ringing or sharpness. TMD can also cause headaches.

It can be caused by:

How's it diagnosed?

Your doctor or dentist will ask you some questions and examine your jaw.

Tests aren't usually needed to diagnose the condition. It's sensible to have a dental check to make sure a dental problem isn't causing pain. Your doctor or dentist may request an X-ray if they feel you need to see a specialist.

On the next page: Self-care for Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD)

Written by HealthInfo clinical advisers. Page created October 2018.

Page reference: 501101

Review key: HICPA-75368