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HealthInfo Waitaha Canterbury

Gum disease

Matenga pae

Gum disease is caused by a bacterial infection when dental plaque builds up on the teeth.

Gingivitis is inflammation of the gums that looks red and bleeds easily.

Periodontitis is when the tissues and bone around teeth gets inflamed and damaged, which can lead to tooth loss.

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Written by HealthInfo clinical advisers. Last reviewed March 2022.

See also:

Looking after teeth & gums

Page reference: 74913

Review key: HICPA-75368