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Symptoms of and diagnosing hyperopia

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Glasses do make it easier to see more clearly and comfortablyIf you have hyperopia you may notice:

How hyperopia can affect your life

Eighty percent of children are born slightly long-sighted and most develop normal vision as they grow. Our eyes keep growing until we are about 25, and as the size of an eye affects how well it focuses, long-sighted children tend to become less long-sighted as they grow. However, some people remain hyperopic throughout life. But apart from glasses or contact lenses, they don't need any other treatment.

Long-sightedness is usually inherited and happens regardless of the amount of close work you do, how much you rest or exercise, and what vitamin supplements you take. Wearing glasses does not strengthen or weaken vision in adult eyes. But glasses do make it easier to see more clearly and comfortably.

As people get older their eyes slowly lose their ability to focus, and most people (even those with perfect distance vision) need reading glasses some time in their 40s. Later in life a person with hyperopia will also need glasses to see in the distance clearly and comfortably.

When to see an optometrist

If you find it difficult to see, or if you have symptoms such as such as blurred vision, eye strain, headaches, early fatigue or having to reread text to understand it, you should see your optometrist for an eye examination.

Make sure you have regular eye exams

It's best to have regular eye exams to make sure your eyes are healthy and give you efficient and comfortable vision. Have an eye examination every two years after the age of 40, unless your optometrist or ophthalmologist suggests otherwise. After 65 you may have them more often, so your optometrist can diagnose and treat any sight-threatening conditions, such as glaucoma and age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) as soon as possible.

On the next page: Treating hyperopia

Written by Canterbury optometrists. Adapted by HealthInfo clinical advisers. Endorsed by clinical director, Ophthalmology, Canterbury DHB. Last reviewed November 2019.


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Review key: HIVIP-134077