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HealthInfo Canterbury

Head injury first aid

Important!

Phone 111 for an ambulance if someone has had a knock on the head and:

Stay with them until the ambulance arrives. If they become unconscious, follow these instructions.

Any head injury can be serious, although most are mild.

How do I know if someone has a head injury?

head injuryIf someone has had a knock to their head look for the signs of head injury. They include:

What should I do if someone has a head injury?

  1. Sit the person down.
  2. Apply a cold cloth or ice bag wrapped in cloth to the site of their injury.
  3. If they have a bleeding wound, apply direct firm pressure to the wound to stem the bleeding. DO NOT apply pressure if you suspect a skull fracture.
  4. Check the person's airway and breathing. If they become unconscious, follow these instructions.

It's best to get the person checked by a doctor after any head injury. See a doctor urgently if their symptoms get worse or if they develop new symptoms.

Also follow the instructions in the ACC leaflet on caring for your child immediately after a head injury.

What happens next?

Brain injury & concussion

Tips for managing memory loss

Written by HealthInfo clinical advisers. December 2016.

Source

Page reference: 286092

Review key: HIFAD-141030