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HealthInfo Canterbury

Deep vein thrombosis & plaster casts

What is a deep vein thrombosis (DVT)?

Leg in castA DVT is a blood clot that forms in a vein deep in your leg. This blocks the normal flow of blood through your leg and can cause pain and swelling. Sometimes part of the DVT can break off and travel to your lung. This is called a pulmonary embolism (PE), which can be dangerous.

DVT and plaster casts

Being in a plaster cast slightly increases your risk of a DVT. This is because you are not moving around as much as usual, and so you have reduced blood flow. Surgery and broken bones can also add to this risk, because they can cause changes in your blood vessels.

Other things that can increase your risk of DVT include:

  • a previous DVT or PE
  • a family history of DVT or PE
  • a blood clotting disorder
  • recent surgery or bed rest
  • recent long-haul travel
  • cancer
  • pregnancy
  • smoking and obesity.

Tell your doctor or nurse if you have any of these risk factors, so they can decide if you need to be treated to reduce your risk of a clot.

What are the symptoms of a DVT and what should I do?

A DVT typically causes pain, a tender calf, swelling in the affected leg and sometimes redness.

If you have been injured and your leg is in a cast, some swelling is normal. But if you think the swelling is increasing despite keeping your leg raised (elevated), or if the pain is increasing even though you are taking what should be enough pain relief, contact the Orthopaedics Outpatient Department (OOPD) on (03) 364-0800 ext. 88692. Or you can make an appointment to see the OOPD, your follow-up fracture clinic, your GP or the Emergency Department.

If your leg swells a lot after the plaster cast is taken off, it's also important to see a doctor.

What can I do to reduce my risk of a DVT?

Your doctor will let you know if you are at high risk of developing a DVT and need medication to help prevent it.

If you have any concerns about your injury or plaster cast phone the clinic that first treated you or Orthopaedics Outpatients Department on (03) 364‑0800, or see your GP.

Written by Orthopaedics Outpatients Department, Canterbury DHB. Adapted by HealthInfo clinical advisers. Updated December 2015.

See also:

Deep vein thrombosis in the lower limb

Source

Page reference: 132033

Review key: HILWI-174362